Oracle® 11g Real Application Clusters for Administrators




Oracle 11g Real Application Clusters for Administrators Training Class Summary

This hands-on course teaches students all aspects of Oracle® 11g RAC administration. Students will begin with a solid foundation in Oracle Clusterware and RAC architecture. Students will then install and configure both Clusterware and the database software, as well as cover the administration of both pieces of software using command line utilities. Important topics such as failover, flashback, and backup and recovery are all covered in detail. Students will get hands-on experience with Automatic Storage Management. The course ends with troubleshooting and tuning a RAC system.

Audience: Database administrators new to the RAC environment.

Prerequisites: Oracle 11g Database Administration and at least 6 months of administration experience recommended.

Class Length: 5 days

Oracle 11g Real Application Clusters for Administrators Training Class Objectives
  • Explain the architecture of a RAC system.
  • Install and configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC Database Software in a cluster environment.
  • Add, remove, backup, and recover voting disks and the OCR.
  • Correctly set RAC initialization parameters.
  • Start and stop individual RAC instances and an entire RAC database.
  • Manage redo log files and undo tablespaces for a RAC database.
  • Configure and Manage Services in a RAC Environment.
  • Configure Transparent Application Failover for client load balancing, connect-time, and application failover.
  • Configure a RAC database for archiving redo logs and flashback database mode.
  • Backup and recover a RAC database and its components.
  • Prepare, configure, remove, and add nodes to an existing cluster.
  • Set up and manage an ASM instance.
  • Migrate a RAC database to ASM.
  • Locate and interpret the contents of critical RAC alert and RAC component log files.
  • Monitor and diagnose performance issues with built-in utilities, views, reports, and the OEM.
Oracle 11g Real Application Clusters for Administrators Training Class Outline
  1. Cluster Architecture
    • Cluster Architecture
    • Shared Storage
    • Nodes and Interconnects
    • Virtual IP Addresses
    • SCAN Addresses and GNS
    • Oracle Software
    • Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR)
    • The RAC Voting Disk
  2. Oracle Clusterware
    • What is Oracle Clusterware?
    • Oracle Clusterware Files
    • Oracle Clusterware Processes
    • The Grid Home
    • Oracle Clusterware Preinstallation Steps
    • Node Preparation
    • Configuring SSH User Equivalency
    • cluvfy – The Cluster Verification Utility
    • Installing the Grid Infrastructure
  3. Installing DB Software and Creating a RAC Database
    • Installation Overview
    • Configuring the OS Environment
    • Verifying System Readiness with the CVU
    • Installing the Database Software
    • Troubleshooting Installation Setup
    • Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
    • Running the VIPCA
    • Creating a Cluster Database Using DBCA
    • Database Pre-Creation Tasks
    • Initialization Parameters
  4. RAC Database Architecture
    • Oracle Single-Instance Architecture
    • Overview of RAC
    • RAC Architecture
    • RAC Instances and Parameter Files
    • RAC Database Components
    • RAC Instance Background Processes
    • Global Resource Directory
    • Overview of Cache Fusion
    • Cache Fusion Components – GES and GCS
    • Cache Fusion Components – Resource Master and GRD
    • Application Connection to RAC
  5. Managing Oracle Clusterware
    • About Oracle Clusterware
    • Adding and Removing Voting Disks
    • Backing Up and Recovering Voting Disks
    • The OCR
    • Changing the OCR Configuration
    • Adding and Removing an OCR Location
    • Backing Up and Recovering the OCR
    • Restoring from Automatic OCR Backups
    • Moving or Replacing the OCR
    • Repairing the OCR Configuration
    • Troubleshooting the OCR
  6. RAC Instance Management
    • Overview of RAC Instance Management
    • Starting and Stopping a RAC Database
    • Starting and Stopping a RAC Instance
    • RAC Database Identical Parameters
    • RAC Database Unique Parameters
    • Changing Parameter Values
    • Administering Undo Tablespaces in RAC
    • Administering Redo Logs in RAC
  7. RAC Utilities
    • The ocrcheck Utility
    • The ocrdump Utility
    • The crs_stat Utility
    • The crsctl Utility
    • The Server Control (SRVCTL) Utility
  8. Services
    • Overview of Services
    • Types of Services
    • Creating Services with srvctl
    • Preferred and Available Instances for Services
    • Using Services
    • Managing Services
    • Service Views
    • Tracing with Services
  9. Failover
    • Transparent Application Failover (TAF)
    • Client-Side vs. Server-Side TAF
    • Configuring TAF on the Client
    • Configuring TAF on the Server
    • Using OEM to Configure TAF
    • Using srvctl to Configure TAF
    • The DMBS_SERVICE Package
    • Connecting to the Database with TAF
    • Monitoring TAF Connections
  10. RAC Backup and Recovery
    • Overview of RAC Backup and Recovery
    • Log Archiving in RAC
    • Undo Tablespaces in RAC
    • Using Flashback Features in RAC
    • Deploying a Flash Recovery Area in RAC
    • Performing RMAN Backups of a RAC Database
    • Performing Non-RMAN Backups
    • Preparing to Restore and Recover with RMAN
    • Recover the RAC Database with RMAN
    • Recovering Without RMAN
  11. Cluster Management
    • Overview of Cluster Management Tasks
    • Extending the Clusterware Home Directory
    • Extending the Database Software Home Directory
    • Creating the New Instance
    • Verifying the New Instance
    • Removing a Node
  12. Automatic Storage Management
    • ASM Overview
    • ASMLib
    • Installing ASM
    • Creating an ASM Instance
    • ASM Initialization Parameters
    • Accessing an ASM Instance
    • ASM Startup and Shutdown
    • Creating a Disk Group
    • Changing a Disk Group
    • Creating and Managing a Database
    • Using Oracle-Managed Files
    • Creating and Managing a Tablespace
    • Creating and Managing Redo Logs
    • Creating and Copying Control Files
    • Backing up and Restoring Control Files
    • Creating and Managing Archive Logs
    • ASMCMD
  13. ASM in a RAC Environment
    • Overview of ASM and RAC
    • Migrating a RAC Database to ASM
    • Overview of Recovery Manager (RMAN) and ASM
    • Creating ASM Instances for a RAC Database
    • Migrating SPFILEs
    • Migrating Tablespaces
    • ASM and RAC Specifics
  14. RAC Troubleshooting
    • The Oracle Clusterware Alert Log
    • Clusterware Component Log Files
    • Using crsctl to Diagnose Cluster Issues
    • Using
    • Checking Interconnect Settings
    • cluvfy – Verifying Clusterware Component Integrity
    • cluvfy – Verifying Cluster Registry Integrity
    • cluvfy – Verifying Cluster Integrity
    • ocrcheck – Verifying the Oracle Cluster Repository
    • RAC Database Alerts
    • The racdiag.sql Script
    • The oradebug Utility
  15. RAC Tuning
    • RAC Tuning Methodology
    • Using Performance Views in RAC
    • Monitoring Cache Fusion
    • Global Cache Latencies
    • Monitoring Cache Transfers
    • OEM – Cluster Database Performance
    • OEM – RAC-Related Reports
    • Using AWR in the RAC Environment
    • Generating AWR Reports
    • Analyzing AWR Reports
    • Using ADDM in the RAC Environment
    • Analyzing ADDM Reports
    • RAC Tuning Tips
  16. Appendix – Preparing a RAC Node
    • Checking the Hardware Requirements
    • Identifying Network Requirements
    • Configuring Operating System Users and Groups
    • Generating RSA and DSA Keys
    • Adding the Keys to an Authorized Key File
    • Configuring SSH User Equivalency
    • Configuring the Operating System Environment
    • Configuring the Network
    • Verifying the Network Configuration
    • Preparing the Operating System and Software
    • Configuring Installation Directories and Shared Storage
    • Choosing Directories