Introduction to Oracle 11g Programming
Private Training

Course Summary

In this class, students will learn how to create, retrieve, and manipulate objects in Oracle 11g Structured Query Language (SQL). Students will also be introduced to Oracle 10g database features and tools. The Oracle 11g release has greatly enhanced the features and functionality of PL/SQL. Students will learn the fundamentals of the PL/SQL programming language. Students will write stored procedures, functions, packages, and triggers, and implement complex business rules in Oracle. Students will learn programming, management, and security issues of working with PL/SQL program units. Programming topics will include the built-in packages that come with Oracle, the creation of triggers, and stored procedure features. This course is a combination of “Introduction to Oracle 11g SQL Programming” and “Introduction to Oracle 11g PL/SQL Programming.”

Database application developers.
Course Length
5 Days
Familiarity with relational database concepts as well as a solid understanding of 3GL programming are required.


Describe the features of a Relational Database.

Interact with a Relational Database Management System.

Use SQL*Plus to connect to an Oracle database and submit SQL statements.

Write SQL queries.

Use SQL functions.

Use a query to join together data items from multiple tables.

Write nested queries.

Perform summary analysis of data in a query.

Add, change, and remove data in a database.

Manage database transactions.

Work in a multi-user database environment.

Create and manage tables and other database objects.

Control access to data.

Create triggers on database tables.

Use PL/SQL’s datatypes for database and program data.

Use program structure and control flow to design and write PL/SQL programs.

Create PL/SQL stored procedures and functions.

Write robust programs that handle runtime exceptions.

Use PL/SQL’s collection datatypes.

Use cursors to work with database data.

Use bulk operations for improved performance.

Use the packages supplied with Oracle.

Design and write your own packages.

Maintain and evolve your PL/SQL programs.

Manage the security of your stored PL/SQL programs.

Detailed Outline

  1. Course Introduction
    • Course Objectives
    • Course Overview
    • Using the Workbook
    • Suggested References
  2. Relational Database and SQL Overview
    • Review of Relational Database Terminology
    • Relational Database Management Systems
    • SQL Datatypes
    • Introduction to SQL
  3. Oracle Database
    • Oracle Versioning and History
    • Logical and Physical Storage Structures
    • Datatypes
    • Overview of Oracle Architecture
    • Connecting to Oracle
    • SQL*Plus
    • Graphical Clients
    • The Oracle Data Dictionary
    • Sample Database
  4. SQL Queries – The SELECT Statement
    • The SELECT Statement
    • Choosing Rows with the WHERE Clause
    • NULL Values
    • Compound Expressions
    • IN and BETWEEN
    • Pattern Matching: LIKE and REGEXP_LIKE
    • The CASE…WHEN Expression
    • Creating Some Order
  5. Scalar Functions
    • SQL Functions
    • Using SQL Functions
    • String Functions
    • Regular Expression Functions
    • Numeric Functions
    • Date Functions
    • Date Formats
    • Conversion Functions
    • Literal Values
    • Intervals
    • Oracle Pseudocolumns
  6. SQL Queries – Joins
    • Selecting from Multiple Tables
    • Joining Tables
    • Self Joins
    • Outer Joins
    • Equijoins, Non-equijoins & Antijoins
  7. Aggregate Functions & Advanced Techniques
    • Subqueries
    • Correlated Subqueries
    • The EXISTS Operator
    • The Aggregate Functions
    • Nulls and DISTINCT
    • Grouping Rows
    • Combining SELECT Statements
  8. Data Manipulation and Transactions
    • The INSERT Statement
    • The UPDATE Statement
    • The DELETE Statement
    • Transaction Management
    • Concurrency
    • Explicit Locking
    • Data Inconsistencies
    • Loading Tables from External Sources
  9. Data Definition and Control Statements
    • Datatypes
    • Defining Tables
    • Constraints
    • Inline Constraints
    • Modifying Table Definitions
    • Deleting a Table Definition
    • Controlling Access to Your Tables
  10. Other Database Objects
    • Views
    • Creating Views
    • Updatable Views
    • Sequences
    • Indexes
  11. Triggers
    • Beyond Declarative Integrity
    • Triggers
    • Types of Triggers
    • Trigger Sequencing
    • Row-Level Triggers
    • Trigger Predicates
    • Trigger Conditions
    • Using SEQUENCEs
    • Cascading Triggers and Mutating Tables
    • Generating an Error
    • Maintaining Triggers
  12. PL/SQL Variables and Datatypes
    • Anonymous Blocks
    • Declaring Variables
    • Datatypes
    • Subtypes
    • Character Data
    • Dates and Timestamps
    • Date Intervals
    • Anchored Types
    • Assignment and Conversions
    • Selecting into a Variable
    • Returning into a Variable
  13. PL/SQL Syntax and Logic
    • Conditional Statements – IF/THEN
    • Conditional Statements – CASE
    • Comments and Labels
    • Loops
    • WHILE and FOR Loops
    • SQL in PL/SQL
    • Local Procedures and Functions
  14. Stored Procedures & Functions
    • Stored Subprograms
    • Creating a Stored Procedure
    • Procedure Calls and Parameters
    • Parameter Modes
    • Named Parameter Notation
    • Default Arguments
    • Creating a Stored Function
    • Stored Functions and SQL
    • Invoker’s Rights
  15. Exception Handling
    • Exception Handlers
    • Nesting Blocks
    • Scope and Name Resolution
    • Declaring and Raising Named Exceptions
    • User-Defined Exceptions
  16. Records, Collections, and User-Defined Types
    • Record Variables
    • Using the %ROWTYPE Attribute
    • User-Defined Object Types
    • VARRAY and Nested TABLE Collections
    • Using Nested TABLEs
    • Using VARRAYs
    • Collections in Database Tables
    • Associative Array Collections
    • Collection Methods
    • Iterating Through Collections
  17. Cursors
    • Multi-Row Queries
    • Declaring and Opening Cursors
    • Fetching Rows
    • Closing Cursors
    • The Cursor FOR Loop
    • FOR UPDATE Cursors
    • Cursor Parameters
    • The Implicit (SQL) Cursor
  18. Bulk Operations
    • Bulk Binding
    • BULK COLLECT Clause
    • FORALL Statement
    • FORALL Variations
    • Bulk Returns
    • Bulk Fetching with Cursors
  19. Using Packages
    • Packages
    • Oracle-Supplied Packages
    • The DBMS_OUTPUT Package
    • The DBMS_UTILITY Package
    • The UTL_FILE Package
    • Creating Pipes with DBMS_PIPE
    • Writing to and Reading from a Pipe
    • The DBMS_METADATA Package
    • XML Packages
    • Networking Packages
    • Other Supplied Packages
  20. Creating Packages
    • Structure of a Package
    • The Package Interface and Implementation
    • Package Variables and Package State
    • Overloading Package Functions and Procedures
    • Forward Declarations
    • Strong REF CURSOR Variables
  21. Working with LOBs
    • Large Object Types
    • Oracle Directories
    • LOB Locators
    • Internal LOBs
    • LOB Storage and SECUREFILEs
    • External LOBs
    • Temporary LOBs
    • The DBMS_LOB Package
  22. Maintaining PL/SQL Code
    • Privileges for Stored Programs
    • Data Dictionary
    • PL/SQL Stored Program Compilation
    • Conditional Compilation
    • Compile-Time Warnings
    • The PL/SQL Execution Environment
    • Dependencies and Validation
    • Maintaining Stored Programs
    • SQL*Plus
    • The SQL Buffer
    • Buffer Manipulation Commands
    • Running SQL*Plus Scripts
    • Tailoring Your SQL*Plus Environment
    • Viewing Table Characteristics
    • SQL*Plus Substitution Variables
    • Interactive SQL*Plus Scripts
    • SQL*Plus LOB Support
    • Introducing the Data Dictionary
    • DBA, ALL, and USER Data Dictionary Views
    • Some Useful Data Dictionary Queries
    • Generating SQL at Runtime
    • Native Dynamic SQL vs. DBMS_SQL Package
    • The EXECUTE IMMEDIATE Statement
    • Using Bind Variables
    • Multi-row Dynamic Queries
    • Bulk Operations with Dynamic SQL
    • Using DBMS_SQL
    • DBMS_SQL Subprograms